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ਫਰਮਾ:Country alias/doc

This template returns either a country name or the flag associated with that country, depending on the input parameters. is primarily meant to be used for sporting competitions such as the Olympics, Commonwealth Games, Asian Games, etc.



is a utility template which superimposes one image on top another. The position of the superimposed image is relative to the top left corner of the underlying image. It is often used to display a location mark on a map image, but it can be used w ...


ਫਰਮਾ:Navbox with collapsible groups/doc

This template produces a navigation template that has groups of relevant articles on a certain topic. All groups are hidden by default. However, with a parameter call, an individual group can be shown that has the other articles in the same group.


ਫਰਮਾ:ਅਧਿਕਾਰ ਨਿਯੰਤ੍ਰਨ/doc

The template may also be placed on user pages, but then data must be entered locally.



The expansion demo templates show, for documentation: some wikitext The rendering of this expanded wikitext a link to ExpandTemplates applied to the wikitext; thus it shows The expanded wikitext. its rendering Template:xpd backlinks edit selects ...


ਫਰਮਾ:ਨੇਮਸਪੇਸ ਡਿਟੈਕਟ/doc

This module allows you to output different text depending on the namespace that a given page is in. It is a Lua implementation of the template, with a few improvements: all namespaces and all namespace aliases are supported, and namespace names a ...


ਫਰਮਾ:Interlanguage link multi/doc

So long as the page on this wiki does not exist, this template temporarily displays links to one or more corresponding non-English Wikipedia articles. The red link is explicitly shown, followed by the non-English link. Hovering over the language ...



This template sets up a full list. Please do not change or remove those classes other than as part of development of the microformat. For background information, see microformats on Wikipedia.



Within articles, this template is meant to be placed at the bottom of the article in the See also section. If there is no See also section, you can put it in the External links section instead; there is no need to create a new section just to hou ...



for block quotation, but it may aid in cleaner meta-data implementation later) |character= a.k.a. |char= - to attribute fictional speech to a fictional character, with other citation information. Can also be used to attribute real speech to a spe ...


ਫਰਮਾ:Cite journal/doc

ਇਸ ਫਰਮਾ Citation Style 1 academic and scientific papers and journals. For articles in magazines and newsletters, use ਦੇ ਹਵਾਲੇ ਬਣਾਉਣ ਲਈ ਵਰਤਿਆ ਜਾਂਦਾ।


ਫਰਮਾ:ਜਾਣਕਾਰੀਡੱਬਾ ਚਟਾਨ/doc

The following parameters can be used to create an infobox for a mountain, hill, massif, or a mountain or hill range. Please remove any parameters that are not likely to be useful.


ਫਰਮਾ:Cite book/doc

ਇਸ ਫਰਮਾ Citation Style 1 books ਦੇ ਹਵਾਲੇ ਬਣਾਉਣ ਲਈ ਵਰਤਿਆ ਜਾਂਦਾ। When citing an article in a periodical, use.


ਫਰਮਾ:Graphical timeline/doc

Type in your article, press preview, and follow the link generated. Youll be presented with a ready-to-go template; once this is finished, return to your article, and { {include timeline} } will display your timeline.


ਫਰਮਾ:Infobox officeholder/doc

ਫਰਮਾ:Person infobox header incorporates the following templates i.e. all the templates listed here. Please use the most appropriate name when placing this template on a page.


ਫਰਮਾ:Infobox song/doc

Articles about songs often include an infobox that provides an overview or summary of the song. Generally, Infobox song is oriented more towards recorded music that has been commercially released. Other infoboxes, such as may be better suited to ...


ਫਰਮਾ:Infobox settlement/doc

This template should be used to produce an Infobox for human settlements as well as other administrative districts, counties, provinces, et cetera - in fact, any subdivision below the level of a country, for which should be used. Parameters are d ...



This template can be used to create simple, flexible coloured text background. Please note that this is intended to be a decorative template and not for use on the general encyclopedia. It will not display on articles.


ਫਰਮਾ:Location map many/doc

Creates a location map as a composite image of an existing map in equirectangular projection, with multiple markers and optional labels superimposed onto it. This template functions in the style of Template:Location_map, but allows 9 markers and ...


ਫਰਮਾ:Non-free use rationale/doc

This template facilitates creating a non-free or fair use media rationale with the necessary components. Please read Wikipedia:Non-free use rationale guideline before using this template.


ਫਰਮਾ:Maths rating/doc

Setting |historical=Y if there is no field given produces almost the same result as setting |field=history, except it adds Category:History of subject mathematics articles as well as Category:Mathematics articles related to history of mathematics ...


ਫਰਮਾ:Cite magazine/doc

ਇਸ ਫਰਮਾ Citation Style 1 articles in magazines and newsletters. For articles in academic journals, use ਦੇ ਹਵਾਲੇ ਬਣਾਉਣ ਲਈ ਵਰਤਿਆ ਜਾਂਦਾ।


ਫਰਮਾ:ਜਾਣਕਾਰੀਡੱਬਾ ਵਸੋਂ/doc

ਇਹ ਫਰਮਾ ਮਨੁੱਖੀ ਵਸੋਂਆਂ ਅਤੇ ਹੋਰ ਪ੍ਰਬੰਧਕੀ ਜ਼ਿਲ੍ਹਿਆਂ, ਕਾਊਂਟੀਆਂ, ਸੂਬਿਆਂ ਆਦਿ ਲਈ ਵਰਤਿਆ ਜਾਣਾ ਚਾਹੀਦਾ ਹੈ ਭਾਵ ਕੌਮੀ ਪੱਧਰ ਤੋਂ ਹੇਠਲਾ ਕੋਈ ਵੀ ਵਿਭਾਗ ਕਿਉਂਕਿ ਦੇਸ਼ ਲਈ ਵਰਤਿਆ ਜਾਣਾ ਚਾਹੀਦਾ ਹੈ। ਇਹਦੇ ਮਾਪਦੰਡ ਹੇਠਲੀ ਸਾਰਨੀ ਵਿੱਚ ਦਿੱਤੇ ਗਏ ਹਨ।



Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute iru ...


ਫਰਮਾ:Navbox with columns/doc

A navigation box that presents its content in columns. Originally intended to provide a relatively straightforward means to align links prefixed by flag icons, e.g. in templates offering links to country articles.


ਫਰਮਾ:Cite web/doc

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/usage ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/usage common For references with author credit does not = and cite magazine) But given the same set of valid parameters, their output is exactly the same:


ਫਰਮਾ:Cite news/doc

ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/usage ਫਰਮਾ:Citation Style documentation/usage common To cite a news article with a credited author does not = and cite magazine) But given the same set of valid parameters, their output is exactly the same:


ਫਰਮਾ:Infobox software/doc

All parameters are optional. name of software Note: If you dont put the right thing here it breaks the latest release / latest preview fields when "frequently updated" is enabled. If you want the title at the top of the infobox to be different th ...



Please keep this templates messaging consistent with the related templates: – for articles or sections with too many examples.



The. This template should only be used in accordance with the Wikipedia:refactoring guideline; it should never be used to end a discussion over the objections of other editors, except in cases of unambiguous disruptive editing. Do not hide conten ...


ਫਰਮਾ:Infobox Olympic event/doc

for example for a team name, instead of numerating a full list of athletes. goldNOC, silverNOC, bronzeNOC Optional country code for the gold medal winner. Do not specify this if the gold parameter specifies a team name instead of an individual na ...


ਫਰਮਾ:Quote box/doc

This template can be used for block quotations. However, this use is not advised in articles. The Manual of Style guidelines for block quotations recommend formatting block quotations using the framed can be used to set the quote off to either th ...


ਫਰਮਾ:Cite arXiv/doc

ਇਸ ਫਰਮਾ Citation Style 1 preprints at the arXiv ਦੇ ਹਵਾਲੇ ਬਣਾਉਣ ਲਈ ਵਰਤਿਆ ਜਾਂਦਾ। It links to the abstract at eprint. To use the template, you need only specify the arxiv or eprint parameter. Once you save the page, Citation bot will detect the cita ...



template generates a table cell using the. element. If the template is used in the header row of a sortable table, use |header=yes so that the cell is constructed using the. element. If used elsewhere than a header row, omit this parameter.



This template removes links from wikitext. It de-links wikilinks, URL links, removes HTML comments, and normalises whitespace. It handles most wikitext correctly, including category links, the colon trick, the pipe trick, nested wikilinks, and in ...



Dates in their customary formats, if simply treated as alphanumeric text strings, sort in nonsensical ways: 1/8/2013 sorts alphanumerically before 5/3/1967, because 1 is less than 5 ; February 5, 1922 sorts alphanumerically before January 3, 1922 ...



Dates in their customary formats, if simply treated as alphanumeric text strings, sort in nonsensical ways: 1/8/2013 sorts alphanumerically before 5/3/1967, because 1 is less than 5 ; February 5, 1922 sorts alphanumerically before January 3, 1922 ...



Some dates with less than three digits will not be recognized. In these cases, use YYYY-MM-DD format for both death and birth dates. Use Parameter 3 to display the death date in the desired format. It is permitted to specify just Year or Year and ...


ਫਰਮਾ:Font color/doc

with |link = to create a black wikilink → wikilink You can make any text link to any page using the |link= parameter. This template will use the latest Wikipedia:HTML5 recommendations,ਫਰਮਾ:Clarify timeframe/sandbox inserting the span tags. and. f ...


ਫਰਮਾ:Failed verification/doc

The Link to the section title on the current pages talk page with |talk= Section title or to a discussion elsewhere with |talkpage= Talk:Pagename or |talkpage= Talk:Pagename # Section title Add a brief note on the nature of the verification failu ...


ਫਰਮਾ:Order of magnitude/doc

This template calculates the order of magnitude of a number, using the natural logarithm of the absolute value of the number, divided by the log of 10. The amount is adjusted for truncation error in the digital format, and the floor number of the ...


ਫਰਮਾ:Historical populations/doc

Template:Historical populations is used as an information box on pages, showing each census year with a population, and a percent gain/loss comparison. It is intended to combine the functionalities of two existing templates, Template:US Census po ...


ਫਰਮਾ:Infobox musical artist/doc

is the standard infobox for non-classical musician articles, and is within the purview of WikiProject Musicians. See also Wikipedia:WikiProject Musicians/Infobox for more information.


ਫਰਮਾ:Infobox church/doc

This infobox is for providing general information about a Christian church, including its history, architecture and staff. To provide information solely about the architectural details of a church building, use ". Churches vary from small chapels ...


ਫਰਮਾ:ਦੁਨੀਆ ਦੇ ਖੇਤਰ/doc

Note to editors on how to manage collapsibility: Use to show this template in its collapsed hidden state only if there is another template of the same type on the page. This is usually the default.



closing template to turn off the formatting; refend does not need any parameters. Font size reduction is always applied. Either one, the other, or both of multi-columns and hanging indent may be applied as well though see specifics and caveats on ...



ਫਰਮਾ:IPA is most useful when there are multiple instances of the IPA on a page. It contains I.e., it simply specifies CSS class IPA. This allows fixing broken display of International Phonetic Alphabet IPA characters in MS Internet Explorer 6 for ...


ਫਰਮਾ:Convert/unit sandbox

This is a cut-down version of Module:Convert/documentation/conversion data/doc to allow the creation of unit definitions for Module:Convert/extra. The results are shown on the talk page and may be seen after saving this page. Previous versions of ...


ਡਾ. ਮਹਿੰਦਰ ਸਿੰਘ ਰੰਧਾਵਾ

ਦੇਸ਼ ਦੀ ਵੰਡ ਦੌਰਾਨ ਉੱਜੜੇ ਪੰਜਾਬੀਆਂ ਦੇ ਪੁਨਰਵਾਸ, ਚੰਡੀਗੜ ਸ਼ਹਿਰ ਦੀ ਸਥਾਪਨਾ ਅਤੇ ਪੰਜਾਬ ਦੀਆਂ ਕਲਾਵਾਂ ਦੇ ਦਸਤਾਵੇਜੀਕਰਣ ਵਿੱਚ ਪ੍ਰਮੁੱਖ ਭੂਮਿਕਾ ਨਿਭਾਈ। ਇਹ ਉਹਨਾਂ ਦੀ ਦ੍ਰਿੜ੍ਹਤਾ ਅਤੇ ਨਿਰਪੱਖਤਾ ਕਾਰਨ ਹੀ ਸੀ ਕਿ ਦੰਗਿਆਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਮਰਨ ਵਾਲਿਆਂ ਦੀ ਗਿਣਤੀ ਨੂੰ ਕਾਬੂ ਕਰ ਲਿਆ ਗਿਆ। ਇਸ ਤੋਂ ਬਾਅਦ ...


ਰਿਚਰਡ ਡੌਰਸਨ

ਰਿਚਰਡ ਮਰਸਰ ਡੌਰਸਨ ਇੱਕ ਅਮਰੀਕੀ ਲੋਕਧਾਰਾ ਸ਼ਾਸਤਰੀ, ਪ੍ਰੋਫੈਸਰ ਅਤੇ ਇੰਡੀਆਨਾ ਯੂਨੀਵਰਸਿਟੀ ਵਿੱਚ ਲੋਕਧਾਰਾ ਸੰਸਥਾ ਦਾ ਡਾਇਰੈਕਟਰ ਸੀ। ਡੌਰਸਨ ਨੂੰ ਅਮਰੀਕੀ ਲੋਕਧਾਰਾ ਦੇ ਪਿਤਾਮਾ" ਅਤੇ "ਲੋਕਧਾਰਾ ਦੇ ਅਧਿਐਨ ਵਿੱਚ ਪ੍ਰਮੁੱਖ ਹਸਤੀ" ਕਿਹਾ ਜਾਂਦਾ ਹੈ।